13 August 2014 Written by: magenti
Blackjack was first introduced as Twenty One and it was played since the 17th century or even earlier. Unfortunately it is of unknown origin but the first written reference can be found by a Spanish author
named Miguel de Cervantes dated back in 1605.
The reason this game was called Twenty One was due to the dealt cards being Ace of Spades and a black jack which was either the jack of spades or the jack of clubs. The casino also added a fantastic 10 to 1 payout ratio if you were dealt an Ace of Spades with either black jack you find in a 52 deck of cards to increase interest in the game. The 10 to 1 bonus was quickly withdrawn from the casino and the name changed to Blackjack.
Blackjack in the modern game refers to any hand consisting of an Ace combined with a 10 or any face card regardless of the suites or colours of the cards dealt. As a player, you will always play against the bank and not against other player’s surrounding the Blackjack table and the Bank or Dealer will always deal from the left. The bank will deal two cards to each player which includes itself. The first card the bank deals to itself is laid open on the table and therefore the value of the bank’s first card is known. The aim of the game is to get as close to 21 as possible without going over 21 as this will be considered as a bust where you will lose. If you are dealt two cards that add to 21, you will win 1.5 times your bet amount.
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The Ace card in Blackjack has a flexible value where it can either be 1 or 11 depending on the cards you are dealt with. Should you call for an extra card and it exceeds 21, the Ace card will change it’s value to 1 instead of 11 which will bring you back into play. For example, if you have 16 with the two cards dealt and you call an extra card which is an Ace, the Ace value will be 1 and your total hand value would be 17. If you have 10 with the two cards dealt and you call an extra card which is an Ace, the Ace value will be 11 and your total hand value would be 21.
Once the cards are dealt and you do not have Blackjack with the two cards, you will have the following options at your disposal: You can ‘Stand’ which indicates that you are content with the cards you received and you do not wish to receive an extra card. If you would like an extra card, you can ‘Hit’ to increase the current value of your cards until you are satisfied. ‘Split’ can only be achieved if you have two cards of the same value which will form two different hands where you need to call on both cards to get as close to 21 as possible where your bet will also double and lastly, you can ‘Double’ your bet to receive one more card but won’t be able to take another card once dealt.
Other basic rules
A ‘Push’ is a tie and nobody wins. The Bank will always call on 16 and always stand on 17. When both the player and the bank land on 21 or Blackjack it will be considered a tie or ‘Push’. The hand which contains the highest value wins and lastly, you can also protect yourself with Blackjack insurance. Insurance can be placed by the player if the bank or dealer draws an Ace on the first card shown. Insurance will cost the player half his/her original bet and should the dealer have Blackjack with two cards, the player will receive double the amount of the Insurance. This is a very uncomplicated, interesting game that has been played for centuries and you will definitely understand why once you are clued up on this spectacular card game.